G2LM|LIC - Assisting Job Search in Low-Employment Communities
Data Set Description
In the original research project, two interventions that are designed to help young urban dwellers search for employment by removing spatial and informational obstacles to job search were evaluated experimentally in Addis Ababa. The first intervention was a transport subsidy lowering the cost of job search. In Addis Ababa, job seekers needed to make regular trips to the centre of town to look for job opportunities. The subsidy covers the cost of this journey. The second intervention was a job application workshop, designed to improve job seekers’ ability to signal their skills to employers. Participants were offered orientation on how to make effective job applications using CVs and cover letters, and on how to approach job interviews. Further, they took a mix of standardised personnel selection tests.
In 2019 contemporaneously the follow-up survey to complement the earlier job fairs experiment, a new survey contemporaneously sampled firms that were advertising vacancies on Addis Ababa's job boards and jobseekers that were looking for vacancies at those job boards.
Jobseekers were recruited between the age of 18 and 29, who had at least a high school diploma. A random sample of firms that were advertising a position on the job boards or in the newspaper between the end of November and the end of December 2019 was contacted. Also, some of the firms that jobseekers were applying to were contacted. In this way, a samples of firms and jobseekers that resemble on key dimensions the original experimental participants was selected.
The survey was conducted with a focus on understand the beliefs that each side of the market holds. The firm survey carefully elicits firm managers’ beliefs about the ability of jobseekers. Ability is measured as a jobseeker performance on a Raven test. The expectations both with respect to tertiary-educated applicants and high-school graduates were documented. The survey enables to measure the accuracy of beliefs. In particular, it is possible to contrast firms' answers with the true empirical counterparts obtained from the jobseeker survey and vice versa.
The jobseeker survey focused on reservation wages, the distribution of wages across sectors and the expected duration of unemployment. Beliefs about the distribution of wages were elicited by asking the jobseeker what proportion of jobs currently advertised paid a wage lower than a set of thresholds. Similarly, reservation wages we elicited by asking the jobseeker whether they would accept a job that would pay at least a certain amount. This amount was decreased until the wage bracket corresponding to the jobseeker reservation wage was found. To minimise complexity, the elicitation of beliefs among jobseekers were not incentivised. Finally, after belief elicitation was completed, jobseekers took a 12-item Raven test.
Scope of Data Set
Time Periods: November 2019 - January 2020
Researchers working with the “G2LM|LIC: Assisting Job Search in Low-Employment Communities” are obligated to acknowledge the data base and its documentation within their publications, including the DOI, by using this reference.
- Fafchamps, Marcel (Stanford University)
- Abebe, Girum (Ethiopian Development Research Institute)
- Quinn, Simon (University of Oxford)
- Caria, Stefano (University of Warwick (Co-Investigator))
- Falco, Paolo (University of Copenhagen (Co-Investigator))
Cross section survey dataSource:
Face-to-face interview, Telephone interviewRight:
Access to the data is provided to non-for-profit research, replication and teaching purposes. The data is available from the Research Data Center of IZA (IDSC).
Please contact IDSC for any access requests.